PL EN
EFFECT OF SHEAR WALLS ON THE BEHAVIOR OF NONLINEAR STRUCTURES IN SEISMIC ZONES
 
More details
Hide details
1
Department of Civil Engineering, Development of Géomaterials Laboratory, M’Sila University, BP 819 RP 28000 M'sila, Algéria
2
Laboratory of Materials and Electronic Systems, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Bordj Bou Arreridj University, (34 062), Algeria.
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Larbi BELAGRAA   

Department of civil engineering, Faculty of Technonoly, Med Boudiaf University of M'sila,
 
Mining Science 2022;29:7–17
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
In some regions of the world subjected to frequent severe earthquakes, such as Algeria, attention is focused on seismic design in order to assure the public welfare. When, for many countries most of the building consists of constructions of “self-steady frames” type system. The last seismic events have shown the inef-ficiency of such a type of to avoid evident disaster. On the other hand, the use of shear walls as “Lateral Load Resisting System” (LLRS) seems to be a good alternative. This study tries to confirm the requirement of shear walls in seismic zones by highlighting their beneficial effect on structures subjected to strong mo-tions. For this purpose, a comparison is made between the two types using both linear and nonlinear analy-sis with a focus on two parameters which are of great importance, the base shear and the lateral drift in particular. Applications are made on two types of Reinforced Concrete (RC) multistory structures: with shear walls (dual systems) and without (w/o) shear walls (self-steady structures). The results permit to emphasize the need of shear walls as LLRS in seismic zones and confirm the restrictions imposed by the Algerian code, amongst others, concerning the use of self-steady frames system for structures in such area.
 
REFERENCES (11)
1.
American Society of Civil Engineers, 2000. Prestandard and commentary for the seismic rehabilita-tion of buildings. FEMA-356. Federal Emergency Management Agency, Wash-ington D.C., 519 p.
 
2.
Applied Technology Council (ATC), 1996.Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Concrete Buildings, ATC 40, Report N° SSC 96-01, prepared for the Seismic Safety Commission, State of California, Redwood City, CA.
 
3.
Boulaouad, A. and Amour, A., 2010. A Displacement-Based Seismic Design for Reinforced Concrete structures". KSCE Journal of Civil Engineering, 15, 3, p.508, doi: 0.1007/s12205-011-1009-z .
 
4.
DTR B C 2 48. 2003. Règles Parasismiques Algériennes RPA99/Version 2003. Centre de Recherche Appliquée en Génie Parasismique, Alger.
 
5.
EuroCode 8, 2003. Design of structures for earthquake resistance (Draft N° 6), prepared by Europe-an Committee for Standardization, Brussels.
 
6.
Fajfar, P., 1999. Capacity spectrum method based on inelastic demand spectra. Earthquake Engine Structural Dynamics, Vol. 28, 979-993, http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SIC... 28:9%3C979::AID-EQE850%3E3.0.CO;2-1.
 
7.
Fajfar, P. and Eeri M., 2000. A nonlinear analysis method for performance-based seismic design. Earthquake Spectra, N° 16, 573-592, http://dx.doi.org/10.1193/1.15....
 
8.
Forcellini D., Tanganelli M., Viti S., 2018, Response Site Analyses of 3D Ho-mogeneous Soil Models, Emerging Science Journal, Vol. 2, No. 5, doi: 10.28991/esj-2018-01148.
 
9.
SAP2000, web tutorial1-quick pushover analysis tutorial.computer and structures, Inc.Berkeley, California.
 
10.
Weixiao Xu, Weisong Yang , Chunwei Zhang and Dehu Yu, 2017, Shake Table Test for the Collapse Investigation of a Typical Multi-Story Reinforced Concrete Frame Structure in the Meizoseismal Area, applied science, doi:10.3390/app7060593.
 
11.
Zhang Nian, Weihong Wang, Zhuoqiang Yang , Jianian Zhang , 2017, Numerical Simulation on the Stability of Surrounding Rock of Horizontal Rock Strata in the Tunnel Civil Engi-neering Journal Vol. 3, No. 12, doi:10.28991/cej-030948.
 
eISSN:2353-5423
ISSN:2300-9586