ICV 2017
CC BY-NC 3.0 Polska

Blasting Control and Monitoring System for Safety Improvement during Blasting Operation. A Case Study in Guilaizhuang Gold Mine

Yang Cao 1  ,  
Hongguang Jl 1,  
University of Science & Technology Beijing
Mining Science 2018;25:47–62
The design of a blasting monitoring and control system and its practical application in a blind gallery named Dongguabang in Guilaizhuang gold mine in China was presented in the paper. Based on reason analysis of blasting accidents occurring in metal mines, a blasting accident model is established in order to explain the process of the accident and its direct reasons. Also, effective approaches for preventing blasting accidents and avoiding casualties are achieved by controlling unsafe behaviors of workers and elimination of the critical “touch”. Combined with analysis of safety ergonomics of blasting devices, all these make a joint contribution to providing theoretical instruction and references to establishment and design of blocking functions of blasting monitoring system. A set of blasting monitoring and control system is implemented, and equipped with blocking functions when unsafe behaviors and conditions appear. Tests of the monitoring system are carried out in the Donguabang heading of Guilaizhuang gold mine. It is documented that the blocking functions and the central computer platform run well during the tests. Test results reveal that blasting monitoring and control system and its functions are able to ensure safety and fulfill work requirements in Guilaizhuang gold mine.
Yang Cao   
University of Science & Technology Beijing, No. 30, Xueyuan Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China, 100083 Beijing, China
1. BAJPAYEE T., BHATT S.K., REHAK T.R., ENGINEER G., MOWREY G.L., INGRAM D.K., 2003, Fatal accidents due to fly rock and lack of blast area security and working practices in mining, Journal of Mines, Metals and Fuels, Vol. 51, pp. 344–349.
2. BAJPAYEE T.S., REHAK T.R., MOWREY G.L., INGRAM D.K., 2003, Blasting injuries in surface mining with emphasis on fly rock and blast area security, Journal of Safety Research, Elsevier, Vol. 35, No. 1, pp. 47–57, DOI: 10.1016/j.jsr.2003.07.003.
3. CHEN B.Z., 2002, Safety principal. Metallurgical Industry Press, Beijing (in Chinese).
4. GUO J.G., SONG S.J., CUI Y.J., 2009, Analysis of nonmetal mines blasting accident based on fault tree analysis, Industrial Safety and Environmental Protection, Vol. 35, No. 2, pp. 22–23 (in Chinese), DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1001-425X.2009.02.009.
5. KECOJEVIC V., RADOMSKY M., 2005, Fly rock phenomena and area security in blasting-related accidents, Safety Science, Vol. 43, pp. 739–750, DOI: 10.1016/j.ssci.2005.07.006.
6. KRICAK L., KECOJEVIC V., NEGOVANOVIC M., JANKOVIC I., ZEKOVIC D., 2012, Environmen-tal and safety accidents related to blasting operation, American Journal of Environmental Science, 2012, Vol. 8, No. 4, pp. 360–365, DOI: 10.3844/ajessp.
7. LIU N.W., ZHU H.W., MEI G.D., HE X.J., 2012, Research on accidents mechanism and prevention measures towards poisoning and asphyxiation of explosion smoke, Nonferrous Metals (Mine Section), Vol. 64, No. 3, pp. 1–6 (in Chinese), DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1671-4172.2012.03.001.
8. STOJADINOVIĆ S., PANTOVIĆ R., ŽIKIĆ M., 2011, Prediction of flyrock trajectories for forensic applications using ballistic flight equations, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, Vol. 48, pp. 1086–1094, DOI: 10.1016/j.ijrmms.2011.07.004.
9. WANG B.G., WANG X.Q., LIU S.Y., 2007b, Safety ergonomics, China Machine Press, Beijing.
10. (in Chinese).
11. WANG D.H., CHEN S.J., 2010a, Application of FTA in large open-metal mine blasting accidents, Nonfer-rous Metals (Mine Section), Vol. 62, No. 3, pp. 42–46 (in Chinese), DOI: 10.3969/.
12. j.issn.1671-4172.2010.03.013.
13. WANG J.G., JIANG L., 2010c, Prevention measures and reason analysis of blasting accident in non-coal mine, Ke Ji Feng, Vol. 5, p. 282 (in Chinese).
14. WANG W.C., ZHANG S.M., ZHOU L.C., WANG R.Z., 2010b, Fault tree analysis on blasting opera-tions at large-scale open metal mines, Metal Mine, Vol. 39, No. 4, pp. 163–166 (in Chinese).
15. WANG Y.H., WU C.S., LI W., 2007a, Analysis of blasting accident cases in metal mine, Mining Tech-nology, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp. 142–143 (in Chinese).
16. YANG H.G., ZHAO J.P., GUO J.P., 2009, Research on accident prevention theory in man-machine system, China Safety Society Journal, Vol. 19, No. 2, pp. 21-27 (in Chinese), DOI: 10.3969/.
17. j.issn.1003-3033.2009.02.004.
18. ZHU K., FU G., KAN T., ZHU X.F., 2015, Study on unsafe act of mine blasting operation, Coal Engi-neering, Vol. 47, No. 12, pp. 65–68 (in Chinese), DOI:10.11799/ce201512021.
Copy url
Sign up for email alerts