120.55
ICV
8
MNiSW
 
 

Underground extraction of dimension stone in Europe

Krzysztof Galos 1  ,  
Ewa Lewicka 1,  
 
1
Instytut Gospodarki Surowcami Mineralnymi i Energią PAN, Kraków
2
PIG-PIB, Oddział Dolnośląski, Wrocław
Mining Science 2014;21(Special Issue 1):49–64
ABSTRACT
Underground extraction of dimension stone is widespread in many European countries. Its popularity will undoubtedly grow, mainly due to environmental considerations and the accessibility of deposits for extraction. The most common reason for launch of underground dimension stone mining is demand for some stone materials which commonly can not be obtained from opencast mining. An important aspect of such operation is guaranteed long-term geomechanical stability of post-mining voids. This method allows to extract only selected parts of the deposit, without necessity of overburden removal, reduced impact on surface and lower costs of reclamation as compared to open pit mining. Currently, underground mining relates almost entirely of sedimentary rocks (mainly limestone) and some metamorphic rocks (e.g. marble). The best-known examples of underground exploitation of building stones are found in Italy, but also in the UK, Belgium, Portugal, Slovenia, Croatia and Greece. The room-and-pillar system is the most common operating system of extraction. It is important to have the opportunity for selective mining of parts of deposit showing the best quality parameters, which allows for higher yield of the blocks, which is rarely less than 60%. In the Central and Eastern Europe (also in Poland), undeground method of dimension stone extraction until now was not used.
 
REFERENCES (11):
1. BIZJAK K., 2003, Stability analysis of underground openings form extraction of nature stone, Geologija 46, 1, Ljubljana.
2. COLI M., 2001, Underground exploitation of the Carrara marble [w:] Modern Tunneling Science and Technology, Adachi et al. Eds.
3. COLI M., LIVI E., BALDI M., 2012, Studies for rockburst prediction in the Carrara Marble - II: geostruc-tural/geomechanical rivisitation and 2D FEM modeling of a large undergroun quarry, ISMR International Symposium - Eurorock, Stockholm, Sweden.
4. COLI M., LIVI E., TANINI C, 2003, Historical and cultural recovery of the Pietra Serena Quarrying in Fiesole (Firenze - Italy), Atti 4th Europ. Congr. On Reg. Cartography and Inf. System, Bologna.
5. COTMAN I., VUJEC S., 1998, Planiranje i pocetna iskustva podzemnogo otkopavanja architektonsko-gradevnogo kamena u Istri, Rudarsko-geolosko-naftni zbornik, 10, Zagreb.
6. CRAVERO M., IABICHINO G., 1997, Geomechanical study for the exploitation of an underground marble quarry, International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 34, 3-4.
7. DEL GRECO O., FORNARO M., OGGERI C, 1999, Underground dimension stone quarrying: rock mass structure and stability, ISMST Int. Symp. on Mining Sciences and Technology, Beijing.
8. EXADAKTYLOS G., TSOUVALA S., LIOLIOS P., BARAKOS G., 2007, A three-dimensional model of an underground excavation and comparison with in situ measurements, International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics, 31, 411-433.
9. FORNARO M., LOVERA E., 2004, Geological-Technical and Geo-Engineering Aspects of Dimencional Stone Underground Quarrying, [w:] HACK R., AZZAM R., CHARLIER R. (Eds.) - Engineering Geology for Infrastructure Planning in Europe, Lecture Notes in Earth Sciences No. 104, Springer Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
10. KORTNIK J., 2009, Underground natural stone excavation technics in Slovenia, RMZ - Materials and Geoenvironment, 56, 2.
11. OGGERI C, 2000, Design methods and monitoring in ornamental stone underground quarrying, Proc. of nt. Conf. GEOENG, Melbourne. WEST I., 2013, The Isle of Portland: Geology of the Quarries. Part of the Geology of the Wessex Coast (Jurassic Coast - Dorset and East Devon UNESCO World Heritage Site), Geological field description, http://www.southampton.ac.uk/~....
Copy url
Share
 
 
Sign up for email alerts
 
eISSN:2353-5423
ISSN:2300-9586